|Overview : According to World Urbanization Prospects, Malaysia has 72.8% of its population living in urban areas in 2011. This is expected to increase to 77.9% (higher than the official target of 73.5%) by 2020 with an average urban growth rate of 2.08% between 2015 and 2020. National statistics shows that Peninsular Malaysia is estimated to have an average of 63.1% urban population in 2005, Sabah 53.2% and Sarawak 54.6% with an average rate of growth of 4.93% for the whole of Malaysia between 1991 and 2000.
One of the key challenges caused by rapid urbanization to improving the well-being of Malaysians, in particular the bottom 50% of income group (B50), living in urban and peri-urban areas across the country is housing. Urban land markets, housing construction and the provision of urban services have been swamped by the speed of urban growth. With the rapid expansion of cities and increases in the value of land, the lower-income groups are often compelled to live in inner-city slums or pushed to the peri-urban areas on the fringes of the cities where residents are more isolated. The central role played by land rights and the provision of secure tenure, particularly in increasing access to improved housing, is increasingly recognized.
In view of this, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) together with the Government of Malaysia is implementing a project focusing on housing for the bottom 50% of income group in major urban centres of Malaysia, with clear linkages to relevant initiatives and projects in the 10th Malaysia Plan (10MP) and the National Housing Policy (NHP) with the aim of providing inputs to the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) and a larger study on the Urban Vulnerable Group (UVG) by the Economic Planning Unit (EPU). It emphasizes on multidimensionality and linkage to wider issues of urbanization in its analysis. Through a combination of primary research, socio-spatial mapping, international best practices, literature review, desk research and stakeholder consultation, a full report capturing key findings and implementable policy recommendations will be put forward.
The research team is comprised of one lead researcher (team leader) and one principal researcher for Output 1; one researcher for Output 2, one researcher for Output 3 and one researcher for Output 4 who will work closely with UNDP, EPU, DOS and other relevant stakeholders to deliver the outputs listed above. Two research assistants will support the research team and will work mainly under the supervision of the lead researcher and principal researcher.
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The deadline for submitting requests for clarification/questions is 20 January 2014.|