|Overview : |
Since December 2013, Uganda has been receiving a rapidly growing number of South Sudanese refugees. Following an outbreak of violence in Juba in July 2016, 400,515 new South Sudanese refugees arrived in Uganda between 1 July 2016 and 30 December 2016, with over 84% women and children. The total number of refugees in Uganda has now exceed one million.
The Government of Uganda opened a new settlement ‘Bidibidi’ in Yumbe District in August 2016. The settlement is now home to over 270,000 people and is now one of the largest refugee ‘camp/settlement’ in the world. It has reached beyond its maximum capacities. The West Nile sub-region, where Yumbe district is located, is one of the poorest, least developed regions in Uganda, marginalized for decades. Yumbe district already had very limited services and community infrastructure before the arrival of refugees, with limited to no connection to grid electricity.
The impact for Uganda’s host communities is significant given that refugees are settled in settlements as opposed to camps. There is high competition over access to livelihoods opportunities, water, firewood, land and basic services, albeit largely unquantified at present.
Perspectives for the return of refugees is limited and the Government of Uganda is preparing for the large majority of the refugees to stay and settle. There is therefore a critical need for investments in permanent community infrastructure and the creation of support to livelihoods opportunities, for both refugees and host community members.
In light of this situation, UNDP Uganda has developed an Emergency Response and Resilience Strategy for Refugees and Host Communities (2017-2020). Key components of the strategy include: 1) emergency livelihoods and economic recovery; 2) protection against sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) including legal aid, access to justice and psycho-social support; and 3) strengthen core government function.
The emergency livelihoods and economic recovery component will adopt UNDP’s 3x6 Approach, which has been developed in line with the UN Policy for Post-Conflict Employment Creation, Income Generation and Reintegration’s (2009) three-track approach. The 3x6 approach will create emergency livelihoods through cash for work, support cash for work participants to save and jointly invest in micro-enterprises, and sustain their enterprises through business skill development and access to market.
Objective of the consultancy:
Design an evaluation methodology to measure the impact of UNDP’s emergency livelihoods and economic recovery intervention, collect baseline information, and summarize the findings into a baselines study.