|Overview : |
Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been one of the fastest growing economies globally this century with average growth rates above 6% . This rapid growth has been driven primarily by the expansion of foreign investment within the natural gas sector and high prices for PNG’s central exports many of which are transported to rapidly growing Asian economies. This growth has built on a long history of natural resources being at the centre of the PNG economy with exports and employment dominated by mining, natural gas, logging and agriculture. While this rapid growth has delivered significant changes in PNG’s main urban areas and those communities benefiting directly from foreign investment, the country still faces significant challenges in meeting the objectives of Vision 2050 and in providing development opportunities for all while also maintaining its natural environment.
Over 85% of the nation’s 7.3m population are based in rural areas and rely primarily on subsistence agriculture for survival and have limited access to health centres, education or broader development opportunities. Falling commodity prices since 2012 have also left the country facing significant economic challenges despite ongoing growth.
PNG has a significant area of intact tropical forest covering 77.8% of the country’s 46.9m ha of land. Together with the forest of West Papua (Island of New Guinea) they represent one of the largest areas of intact tropical forest in the world. PNG’s forests are also highly diverse, including 14 distinct forest types, with carbon-rich low altitude tropical forest constituting over 50% of forest area.
The country’s forests are critical to the livelihoods and economy of the country. The ecosystem services forests provide help to maintain access to water and suitable agricultural land for PNG’s predominantly rural population as well as helping to protect key infrastructure, people and crops from flash flooding and landslides. Forests also play a direct role in supporting the livelihoods or rural communities with more than 500 species of wild growing plants identified as being used for food and the value of annual bush meat consumption estimated to be equivalent to $26million if alternative meats had to be sourced .
These economic values sit alongside the deep social and cultural values attributed to forests across PNG. With over 90% of the land area under customary land ownership, PNG’s forests are at the center of the cultural identity of many communities.
Since 2005, PNG has been at the forefront of intergovernmental negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to develop an international mechanism to compensate developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). To be eligible to receive results-based finance for REDD+ results-based actions under the UNFCCC, PNG will have to develop the following elements:
- A National Strategy or Action Plan;
- A national forest reference emission level and/or forest reference level;
- A robust and transparent national forest monitoring system for the monitoring and reporting of the REDD + activities;
- A system for providing information on how the safeguards on local community and forest biodiversity are being addressed and respected throughout the implementation of the REDD+ activities while respecting sovereignty.
The Government of PNG is receiving international support from a number of bilateral and multilateral sources to prepare the country for implementing REDD+ under the UNFCCC, including through readiness support from the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), which is being delivered by UNDP.
In 2016-2017, with the support of UNDP/FCPF project, a National REDD+ Strategy (NRS) was developed and submitted to the Government of PNG for review and endorsement. The NRS marks a major milestone in PNG’s transition from the REDD+ Readiness Phase to REDD+ implementation.
The NRS was developed over an 18-month period through a process of structured consultation and awareness raising with key stakeholders from government agencies, civil society and the private sector. It builds on the experiences of early REDD+ readiness activities in PNG, including the development of pilot activities, and the ongoing assessment and analysis work that has focused on key areas of action on REDD+ including reviews of forest sector financing, commercial agricultural development, stakeholder engagement processes and land use mapping. Much of this work was compiled in an Issues and Options Paper for REDD+ in PNG, which set out the key decision and action areas for REDD+ in PNG and was circulated widely for consultation, the feedback from which was central to creating the NRS .
PNG is still at an early stage of its REDD+ development process. Thus, while the NRS marks a critical step in the nation’s REDD+ development process further action is needed to ensure that the NRS is effectively financed, that proposed policies and measures are developed and tested, and that long term sustainable financing and management systems are in place.
To achieve this the NRS will be supported by a National REDD+ Finance and Investment Plan (NRFIP), which will provide a detailed breakdown of activities to be undertaken in the coming five years, including clear budgets and approaches to financing.
In this regard, UNDP through the Government of PNG, particularly the Climate Change and Development Authority (CCDA) is in process of recruitment of international and national experts to assess financial landscape and identify opportunities to promote inter-sectoral planning, mainstream REDD+ objectives in national and sub-national planning and budgeting as well as fill existing knowledge and finance gaps which is critical while developing NRFIPPNG’s NRFIP.
Once the financial gaps to support REDD+ within the sectors have been identified, the Government of PNG, through UNDP as accredited entity, will develop a funding proposal for the implementation of PNG’s RFIP for submission to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) .
Scope of Work
Under overall guidance of Lead International Consultant on the development of a comprehensive National REDD+ Finance and Investment Plan (NRFIP) and in close collaboration with the team of experts, a National Consultant will be responsible for provision of support to collect necessary data and information, based on a robust theory of change and meeting the UNFCCC, GCF and Government requirements, which will guide the operationalization of the NRS for the implementation of REDD+ PNG between 2018-2022.
Support Lead International Consultant in the development of a robust NRFIP and REDD+ Funding Proposal for the Green Climate Fund, including:
- A robust theory of change;
- A detailed action plan, including leading and contributing agencies and stakeholders, scope and scale, volume of activities and timeline, quantified targets, expected carbon and non-carbon benefits, risk/benefit assessment and provisions to respect and monitor REDD+ and GCF safeguards, financial needs and respective sources and modalities;
- Overarching resource mobilization framework;
- A robust monitoring and evaluation framework.
NFRIP formulation will promote adequate multi-sector and stakeholder engagement for a comprehensive, transparent and well-documented participatory process, until final endorsement.
The National Consultant will also be responsible to oversee national consultants to undertake REDD+ Financial Mapping Assessment in the agriculture, environment, land-use and forestry sectors as well as development of NRFIP.
The National Consultant will assist in the development of the NFRIP, and notably the implementation framework, detailed budget and resource mobilization framework, in close connection with the following complementary processes:
a) Data collection and quantifying activities to ensure effective implementation of NRS Policies and Measures:
- The National Consultant will closely work with different government agencies and stakeholders (Technical Working Committees) to detail and quantify proposed activities under NRS PAMs, budgets, targets and support formulation of detailed action plans for the implementation of each policy and measure. Such detailed action plans will be the backbone of the NFRIP implementation framework;
- The National Consultant will be actively involved and support the formulation of REDD+ actions in accordance with the scope of NRS policies and measures. However, focused expertise and attention is expected to secure connection with, and contribute to advance, the following specific agendas:
- Aligning REDD+ with existing relevant forest and rural incentive instruments;
- Engaging the private sector and leveraging private investment for REDD+ implementation;
- Designing sustainable and attractive business models for the protection and conservation of natural forests.
b) Establishment of policy dialogue between government agencies and development partners in PNG to inform policy decision makers on NRFIP implementation:
- The National Consultant with support of Lead International Consultant will set up policy dialogue by preparing technical notes to inform policy-level discussions. Focused expertise and attention is expected to secure connection with, and contribute to, the advancement of the following specific agenda such as national commitment for REDD+ and mapping of domestic public resources to implement NRS policies and measures;
c) Support to the development of a fully-fledged GCF Funding Proposal for the implementation of PNG’s NFRIP with particular focus in two pilot provinces: Madang and East New Britain:
- Based on the findings of the REDD+ financial mapping assessment and detailed REDD+ actions, the National Consultant will assist Lead International Consultant to provide necessary support in the development of a fully – fledged GCF Funding Proposal for the implementation of PNG’s NFRIP in the two pilot provinces of Madang and East New Britain.
The National Consultant through close collaboration with different stakeholders (Technical Working Committees) from government, civil society and private sectors will help to provide information on the following sections and elements of NFRIP (actual structure to be defined during the inception period):
- National context, including in particular:
- The strategic context: describe the relevant national, sub-national, regional, global, political, and/or economic factors that help to contextualize the document, including existing national and sector policies and strategies;
- The contribution to national priorities: describe how the NRS and NFRIP contribute to the country’s NDC or other identified priorities for low-emission and climate-resilient development;
- The baseline scenario: describe and quantify the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and key barriers, as well as their trends (carbon, including the overall FREL/FRL, and non-carbon);
- Strategic framework:
- A robust theory of change, clearly linking NFRIP components to the drivers and barriers, and the results framework;
- The outcomes and impact that the NFRIP will aim to achieve in improving the baseline scenario (including, but not only, against the FREL/FRL);
- The main components of the theory of change, as well as the detailed definition of the related activities and planned measures of the NFRIP, clearly describing how they link to the objectives, outputs and outcomes, in line with the results framework;
- The paradigm shift potential, describing:
- The contribution to the creation of an enabling environment: (i) how proposed measures will create conditions that are conducive to effective and sustained participation of private and public sector actors in low-carbon and/or resilient development, (ii) how the proposal contributes to innovation, market development and transformation (e.g. Introducing and demonstrating a new market for deforestation free commodities, using innovative funding scheme or making government transfer to provinces conditional to the respect for land use plans). This should also include (iii) how proposed measures are expected to contribute to strengthen the national / local regulatory or legal frameworks to systematically drive investment in low-emission activities, promote development of additional low-emission policies, and/or improve climate-responsive planning and development (e.g. Certification and traceability of commodity production, Land use planning that includes deforestation criteria)
- The potential for knowledge and learning: how the NFRIP contributes to the creation or strengthening of knowledge, collective learning processes, or institutions.
- The sustainable development potential: Identification and quantification of the multiple benefits of REDD+ (environmental, social and economic co-benefits), including gender-sensitive development impact
- A technical assessment, describing why particular options have been considered as the most appropriate for the NFRIP
Scope of Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments
In accordance with UNDP IC guidelines, the proposal must include “Lump Sum Amount” approach which is closely linked to deliverables. It must be “all-inclusive” and shall take into account various expenses incurred by the National Consultant during the contract period (e.g. fee, health insurance, vaccination, office costs and any other relevant expenses related to the performance of services.
All envisaged travel costs must be included in the financial proposal. If duty travels are expected, UNDP will provide the National Consultant with the UN’s Daily Subsistence Allowance (DSA) rates prevailing at the time of sourcing, for the duty station and all other cities indicated in the TOR as part of duty travel destinations. This will give the National Consultant an indication of the cost of living in a duty station/destination, to aid their determination of the appropriate fees and financial proposal amount, but it does not imply that Offerors are entitled to DSA payment .
The initial payment shall include the actual cost of the IC’s travel to arrive at the designated Duty Station. Such cases therefore imply that the completion of the journey can be considered as one of the deliverables payable upon arrival.
Payments will be made only upon confirmation of UNDP on delivering on the contract obligations in a satisfactory manner.
The National Consultant is responsible for ensuring they have vaccinations/inoculations when travelling to certain countries, as designated by the UN Medical Director. The National Consultant is also required to comply with the UN security directives set forth under dss.un.org
Qualified candidates are requested to apply by April 26, 2017 by sending their application packages to firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject line “National Consultant to support the development of Papua New Guinea’s National REDD+ Finance & Investment Plan and REDD+ Funding Proposal for the Green Climate Fund”.
The application should contain:
• Cover letter explaining why you are the most suitable candidate for the advertised position and a brief methodology on how you will approach and conduct the work (if applicable). Please paste the letter into the "Resume and Motivation" section of the electronic application.
• Filled P11 form including past experience in similar projects and contact details of referees, please upload the P11 instead of your CV.
• Financial Proposal* - specifying a total lump sum amount for the tasks specified in this announcement. The financial proposal shall include a breakdown of this lump sum amount (number of anticipated working days – in home office and on mission, travel – international and local, per diems and any other possible costs). For more details, please see “Scope of Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments”.
Refer the following documents attached:
- P11 modified for SCs and ICs;
- General Conditions of Contract-for the services of IC's;
- Terms of Reference;
- Procurement Notice;
- Technical & Financial Proposal.
Note: Incomplete applications will not be considered. Please make sure you have provided all requested materials.