|Overview : |
The Government of the Republic of Namibia signed the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in 2003 and ratified it in 2004. The UNCAC is one of the international instruments that facilitated the launch of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy. Article 5 of the UNCAC requires State Parties to develop and implement a comprehensive National Anti-Corruption Strategy (or “Strategy”). The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) was given the role of coordinating the implementation of the Strategy.
While planning of the Strategy started in 2013, it was approved by Cabinet in August 2016, and implementation started only in early 2017. Although the measures as outlined in this Strategy were planned to be implemented by the Government of the Republic of Namibia over a period of four years, from 2016 – 2019, the implementation will end in March 2020.
The following six Strategic Objectives inform the activities under the Strategy:
- Increasing level of political accountability
- Preventing corruption in government offices, ministries, agencies and public enterprises
- Strengthening efforts to deter corruption
- Conducting extensive anti-corruption education
- Preventing corruption in the private sector
- Engaging civil society and the media in anti-corruption drive
All sectors of Namibian society are expected to be involved: Administration, Executive Branch, Public Enterprises, Independent Agencies, Parliament, Judiciary, Private Sector, Media, Civil Society Organizations, and Namibian citizens. Twenty-two (22) organizations are currently leading the implementation of different NACS actions, though not all these organizations have reported on their actions.
The National Anti-Corruption Steering Committee (NACSC), assisted by the ACC Secretariat, monitors the implementation of the Strategy. The NACSC is divided into four Clusters, with each Cluster overseeing the implementation of actions under one or two NACS Strategic Objectives.
The Strategy aims to bring all stakeholders under one roof to make their due contribution to promoting good governance. Good governance is the key to Namibia’s economic growth and development, as indicated under the fourth pillar of Namibia’s National Development Plan 5. In order to achieve this, all sectors need to develop policies and programmes that promote transparency and accountability. Transparency and accountability of government institutions align with achieving Outcome 4 of the UN Partnership Framework (UNPAF) 2019-2023. In particular the evaluation should look at the contribution of the NACS to SDG 16, target “16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms”.