|Overview : |
At the 38th session of the Human Rights Council, on 28 June 2018, the Government of Botswana reported to the Human Rights Council that it has taken a decision to accede to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Botswana also plans to ratify the African Union Protocol on Disabilities (AU Protocol) which was adopted at the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 29 January 2018.
While conventions do not automatically form part of the law of Botswana, accession to the CRPD and the AU Protocol will provide the normative framework to guide the development of an holistic and comprehensive National Disability Framework (NDF) in Botswana. The NDF will consist of a national disability strategy, national disability policy and Disability Law.
Botswana does not have a National Disability Strategy or a Disability Law. The Government of Botswana has reviewed the National Policy on Care for Persons with Disabilities (1996). The revised National Disability Policy was tabled in Parliament in 2016 but was not approved. It was subsequently further revised and the revised version is expected to be approved by Parliament in 2018.
The Government of Botswana wants to ensure that it is ready to implement the CRPD and AU Protocol upon ratification, or as soon as possible thereafter, noting that States Parties undertake:
4(1)(a) To adopt all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention;
4(1)(b) To take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices that constitute discrimination against persons with disabilities; ….
4(3) In the development and implementation of legislation and policies to implement the present Convention, and in other decision-making processes concerning issues relating to persons with disabilities, States Parties shall closely consult with and actively involve persons with disabilities, including children with disabilities, through their representative organizations.
The National Development Plan 11 sets out government priorities regarding disabilities. The priorities are primarily welfare-based rather than rights-based, and include initiatives such as cash transfers, allowances and restructuring rehabilitation to improve coordination and access, a database of people with disabilities and an inclusive education policy. It is understood that with the accession to the CRPD and the AU Protocol by the Government of Botswana, passage of a Disability Law and approval of a Disability Policy and Disability Strategy will become national priorities in addition to those listed in NDP 11. Botswana has also committed to the Sustainable Development Goals including SDG16.7, ensuring responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision making at all levels. The CRPD and SDGs are mutually reinforcing; all references to ‘equality’ and the principles of inclusion that underpin the SDGs (‘leave no one behind’) apply to people with disabilities.
The Government of Botswana created the Disability Unit in the Office of the President in 2010, recognizing the importance of the issue of disability and the need for whole of government coordination on the issue. The Disability Unit is the secretariat for the National Coordinating Committee on Disability (NCCD), which provides oversight of disability policy in Botswana. NCCD processes are consultative and inclusive of people with disabilities.
- A review of the legal framework of Botswana for people with disabilities (PwDs) conducted in 2011, identified the following barriers for PwDs in Botswana:
- Negative societal attitudes towards PwDs which impede efforts towards successful mainstreaming of disability issues;
- Inaccessible built environment restricts PwD’s access to public spaces, education and employment opportunities and other services;
- Disability issues were (at that time) not a priority in government policy and programming initiatives;
- Disability issues were not part of the mandate or core business of many government ministries and departments;
- The belief that PwDs are unproductive prevents their inclusion in the design of citizen economic empowerment programmes.
The National Disability Framework is intended to address these issues. The development of the National Disability Framework will be coordinated by Disability Office at the Office of the President as secretariat for the National Coordinating Committee on Disability, in close consultation with PwDs. A consultation plan will be developed which will include consultations on the Draft Framework documents and verification and endorsement of the Draft Framework documents by the National Coordinating Committee and PwDs. Government will meet with key stakeholders including civil society disabled persons’ organisations on the plans to ratify the CRPD and the AU Protocol and to seek input into the draft Disability Strategy prior to endorsement by the National Coordinating Committee.
UNDP and the Government of Botswana have signed the “Support to the Fulfilment of Human Rights, Access to Justice and Empowerment of Women and Youth Project” (2018 – 2021) (“the Project”). Under the auspices of this Project, the Government of Botswana has requested support from UNDP to develop a National Disability Strategy and Disability Law, conduct consultations and convene an international conference on Disability in 2019.
Accordingly, UNDP is procuring the services of a Disability Strategy Specialist to support the Government of Botswana to develop a National Disability Strategy. The National Disability Strategy will be developed in September 2018 with consultations to be held between September and October 2018. The initial draft of the National Disability Strategy will be developed in a participatory process at a 3 day retreat in mid-September 2018 with input from 18 ministries, parastatals, the NCCD, UN agencies and the University of Botswana. The Strategy will be informed by several key existing documents including the Review of Legal Instruments, Policies, Strategies and Programmes for the Integration of Issues for People with Disabilities (2011) and Situation Analysis of Disability Rights in the Context of Botswana (2016) and a situational analysis completed for the draft Rehabilitation Strategy process.
The Consultant will report to the Human Rights Specialist, UNDP and the Coordinator of the Office of the President (Disability Unit).