|Overview : |
Description of the assignment:
Recognizing the fact, urbanization has been haphazard and unplanned in the recent years in the urban areas of Nepal with the existing risk, have led in intensification of disaster impact. Disaster incidences have increased however the mechanism to cope with these disasters have not been operationalized with proven measures and model at local level, even the local level have different capacities in terms of human and financial resources. With the aim, to create a shared understanding on urban disaster risks and evolve mechanisms and measures that can aid the communities and municipal governments to address different dimensions of vulnerabilities and risks and effectively respond to emergencies, with specific focus on the vulnerable population. UNDP is currently implementing a project, “Reducing disaster risks and enhancing emergency response capacities in multi hazard-risk prone urban areas of Nepal” in three local level, two being Lalitpur and Bharatpur metropolitan city whereas other one is Bhimeshwor Municipality representing cities across Nepal with the funding support from EU/ECHO.
Formulation of DRRM Act and Local Governance Operation Act, under the Constitution of Nepal 2072, it has been recognized that local governments are the prime state authority to take care of the disaster related affairs including formulation of local level DRRM Act and ensuring any other necessary arrangements. However, the local governments in place, while they are yet to fully internalize DRRM, are still under capacitated hence, there is urgency to strengthen this system to ensure effective and coordinated humanitarian response. Further to this, urban core areas have undergone significant change in morphology, density, demography and usage of spaces, there is higher accumulation of risk that can trigger any crisis anytime. Urban growth is happening in haphazard manner with development activities being undertaken without accounting the underlying hazards and risk factors. There is lack of understanding of extant hazards, level of its possible impact and account of vulnerable population, that adversely affects emergency response.
On to other side, communities in urban settings also have several capacities to respond to crisis, however the primary roles of these extant capacities have yet not been explored sufficiently to prepare a joint and coordinated response at community, ward and metropolitan/municipal level. During 2015 earthquake it was also observed that specific needs of vulnerable communities, households, sections of populations – Person with Disability (PWDs), elderly, women and children identified required tailored approach to meet their specific needs. In addition to this, the vulnerable section including the geographical regions across the country demands for region specific disaster relief standards in absence of which relief efforts are either largely insufficient, uncoordinated or even overlapped.
Against this background, this proposed assignment ensures to link identified key at risk areas, vulnerable population and their needs , recognizing the existing mechanisms, capacities and gaps of department and sections within the municipalities including identification of extant capacities including of private sector leading to formulation of a well-coordinated emergency preparedness and response plan addressing the needs of vulnerable section of local level.
This assignment will also provide technical assistance in development and operationalization of municipal level disaster relief standards and guidelines. While formulating the relief standards and guidelines national and cluster specific guidelines and standards will be considered along with global standards like Sphere standards, Core humanitarian standards, humanitarian principles, where needs of vulnerable groups are explicitly considered and spelled out. The assignment also envisions to address DRRM related gaps at municipal and at-risk communities through preparedness plans along with relief standard which will facilitate the relief distribution in different crisis event triggered from multiple hazards.
Project name: Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme (CDRMP)
Period of assignment/services (if applicable): 55 days, spread over Four months
Proposal should be submitted by email to firstname.lastname@example.org not later than 1730 hours (Nepal Standard Time) of 27 May 2020 mentioning reference No. UNDP/PN/26/2020 – EPRP and Relief Guideline.