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TERMS OF REFERENCE
Title of the consultancy: Review the Inspection Strategy and draw up the Functional Analysis of the Inspection Sector
Areas: National level
Mozambique is endowed with a diversity of natural resources, habitats and species. To manage this diversity of resources, the National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC) was set up. It is the main body responsible for the supervision, monitoring and management of the conservation areas (ACs) and for supervising the partnerships established with NGOs in the framework of international cooperation. ANAC was set up in 2011 as a parastatal institution, and it is guided by its Statutes and by its strategic plan for the period 2015-2024.
To preserve the natural resources and to use them sustainably, a network of conservation areas (ACs) was established which covers about 25% of the surface area of the country. The conservation areas under the direct management of ANAC are the following:
• National Parks (9) - Quirimbas, Gorongosa, Mágoè, Bazaruto, Limpopo, Zinave, Chimanimani, Banhine and Gilé
• Special Reserves (3) - Niassa, Chimanimani and Ponta do Ouro
• National Reserves (2): Marromeu and Pomene
• Environmental Protection Areas (2): First and Second Islands, and Maputo
• Community Conservation Areas (3): Mitchéu, Tchuma Tchato and Chipanje Chetu
As for the areas that are not under the direct management of ANAC, we have 17 official hunting areas and 50 game farms.
In each of these conservation areas, there is a corps of wardens, generally consisting of a Head of Inspection and a variable number of wardens.
The Head of Inspection answers to the Administrator of the AC. The hunting areas and game farms have their own teams of wardens, who are guided by a manager. In the community areas it is the Natural Resource Management Committee which manages the area, including its protection.
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