|Overview : |
The Gambia’s 22 years of military turned civilian style dictatorship was marked by gross human rights violations, including but not limited to, arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, torture, sexual and gender-based violations and a general atmosphere of fear and intimidation. The media under Jammeh’s administration suffered regular, systematic, and repressive attacks. This environment of fear had a major impact on civil society organizations.
In a bid to transition from an authoritarian regime to democratic dispensation uphold accountability, respects human rights and the rule of law, The Gambia in 2017, embarked on a transitional justice process. As a result, the Government established several mechanisms such as the Truth, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission (TRRC), a National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and a Constitutional Review Commission (CRC). In addition to these mechanisms, legislative and institutional reforms have also been initiated as part of the process.
The Government of The Gambia has benefited significantly from UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) through the projects such as “the PBF Governance and Leadership Project CSO Capacity enhancement” and “Support the capacity of the Government and national stakeholders to establish credible transitional justice processes and mechanisms that promote reconciliation and sustainable peace in The Gambia” (TJHR Project), which provides technical and material support to the TRRC, the NHRC and to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs). In addition to the support provided to the TJ mechanisms, the Project has also provided significant support to the Government of The Gambia, particularly the Attorney General’s Chambers and Ministry of Justice (MoJ).
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