|Overview : |
Mozambique is endowed with a diversity of natural resources, habitats and species. To manage this diversity
of resources, the National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC) was set up. It is the main body
responsible for the supervision, monitoring and management of the conservation areas (ACs) and for
supervising the partnerships established with NGOs in the framework of international cooperation. ANAC
was set up in 2011 as a parastatal institution, and it is guided by its Statutes and by its strategic plan for the
period of 2015-2024.
To preserve the natural resources and to use them sustainably, a network of conservation areas (ACs) was
established which covers about 25% of the surface area of the country. The conservation areas under the
direct management of ANAC are the following (the marine areas are identified in bold type):
National Parks (9) - Quirimbas, Gorongosa, Mágoè, Bazaruto, Limpopo, Zinave, Chimanimani,
Banhine and Gilé
• Special Reserves (3) - Niassa, Maputo, Chimanimani and Ponta do Ouro
• National Reserves (2): Marromeu and Pomene
• Environmental Protection Areas (2): First and Second Islands and Maputo
• Community conservation areas (3): Mitchéu, Tchuma Tchato and Chipanje Chetu
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As for the areas that are not under the direct management of ANAC, there are 17 official hunting areas and 50 game farms.
In each of these conservation areas, there is a corps of wardens, generally composed by a Head of Inspection and a variable number of wardens. The Head of Inspection responds to the Administrator of the Conservation Area. The hunting areas and game farms have their own teams of wardens, who are guided by a manager. In the community areas it is the Natural Resource Management Committee which manages the area, including its protection.