|Overview : |
On 31st December 2019, the World Health Organization was notified of a cluster of cases displaying symptoms of a “pneumonia of unknown cause” linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, Hubei province, Wuhan.
The outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization on 30 January 2020
On 7th January 2020, Chinese authorities confirmed that they had identified the new virus. Since January statistics from WHO as of August 9th, 2020, over almost 20 million cases had been reported in 188 countries worldwide, including over 700 thousand deaths caused by COVID -19. Out of 18 million of confirmed cases, about 11 million have already recovered from the virus.
Since the declaration of the outbreak in China in December 2019, the Government of Uganda has established early and proactive measures that enabled early detection. On 18 March 2020, the President of Uganda declared COVID-19 a national emergency and put in place several measures. In response to this situation, the government enacted control measures to limit the spread of the virus including: banning all public gatherings, closure of school and shopping malls, suspended public and private transport, prohibited open-air markets in rural areas, prohibited marketing of non-food items in urban markets, and prohibited entry into the country for all people, including Ugandan citizens and refugees, a continuous campaign to raise public awareness through all media channels and strengthening of health facilities in different hospitals among other measures.
On 21st March 2020, Uganda reported the 1st confirmed COVID-19 case imported from Dubai. Despite government efforts to curb the spread of the virus across the country. As of August 9th, 2020, 1,254 COVID-19 cases and 6 deaths have been reported across more than fifty districts. Out of the people infected, so far 1113 have already recovered.
Currently, the country is in phase 3 of COVID-19 and the community cases are increasing mainly in the hot spots composed by urban areas but also communities along border entry points.
Considering the current situation of pandemic’s aggravation in many countries and in the African continent, despite this, considering socio-economic impact of lockdowns many countries are planning to reopen borders and strengthen security measures in the health sector. In order to allow a safe reopening and to enable a resilient recovery, it is important that the country implements the efficient technological solutions for contact tracing and incoming travelers’ movement monitoring through an integrated digital tool able to track transborder travelers, arriving by land or air, as a way to prevent the spread of the virus while enabling re-opening of the economy.
In this sense, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has mobilized financial resources to support the Government of Uganda through the project “Enhancing National Resilience to Multi-hazard Induced Disaster Risks”.
The project has the following four key objectives to deliver:
- Enhanced Multi-sectoral Coordination Capacity of National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC) and Local Governments (District Emergency Coordination and Operations Centres) for integrated multi-hazard Response;
- Strengthened Disaster Risk Assessment Capacity;
- Enhanced Disaster Risk Communication;
- Improved Border Surveillance and Tracking.
The purpose of this consultancy will be based on last of the aforementioned project objectives which aims to provide the tools to track recent travelers through Mobile networks.