|Overview : |
The impact of health sector on global climate footprint is a focus of both developed and developing countries today. The health sector, whose mission is protecting and promoting health, makes a major contribution to the climate crisis, which has results in the greatest health threat of the 21st century and therefore has an important role to play in resolving it. It is estimated that health care’s climate footprint is equivalent to 4.4% of global net which is equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions from 514 coal-fired power plants (UNDP, 2020).
Health care must respond to the growing climate emergency not only by treating those made ill, injured, or dying from the climate crisis and its causes, but also by practicing primary prevention and radically reducing its own emissions. Health care climate action that aligns with the ambition of the Paris Agreement will require health sector facilities, systems, and ministries to work with manufacturers and suppliers of health care goods and services to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 or before. The sector must undertake this effort while simultaneously meeting global health goals such as universal health coverage and working to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Each nation’s health sector directly and indirectly releases greenhouse gases (GHG) while delivering care and procuring products, services, and technologies from a carbon-intensive supply chain. Health care contributes to carbon emissions through energy consumption, transport, and product manufacture, use, and disposal. Much of the 71% of health care emissions are embodied in the global supply chain (WHO, 2007). ………………..Etc………….