Paving the Roads to SDG through Good Local Governance
Philippines – 78 Provinces in 16 Regions (CAR, I, II, III, IVA, IVB, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, Caraga, and BARMM)
December 2017 – March 2021
Project Completion Date
31 March 2021
Project expenditure at the time of the evaluation
Government of the Philippines thru the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
Background and context
Launched in December 2017, “Paving the Roads to SDGs through Good Local Governance” (or the Roads2SDGs Project) aims to provide support in implementing the Conditional Matching Grant to Provinces (CMGP) Program of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the Department of Budget and Management (DBM), particularly in road planning and design, quality assurance and strengthening citizen participation in local road governance.
Efficient, resilient, and well-planned road networks ensure that no one is left behind in the drive for inclusive growth. Therefore, roads are considered as an important foundation for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and a prerequisite for bringing communities together. In 2016, only 24.6% of all provincial roads in the Philippines are of acceptable quality. Of the 12,726km of provincial core roads, 57.2% are unpaved and in need of upgrading, while 20.2% are in poor condition and in need of rehabilitation. The situation is similarly dire for the 19,098 km of non- core roads, with 67% needing upgrading and 7% in need of rehabilitation.
To address this situation, DILG and DBM jointly launched the CMGP. By providing the provinces with financial investment for capital outlay, the Programme addresses the under-investment of local roads, to improve national local road connectivity, increase economic activity and improve public access to facilities and services in the provinces. Moreover, the Program also supports governance reforms, quality assurance and the strengthening of governance processes, specifically on Local Road Management (LRM) and Public Financial Management (PFM), among others.
In partnership with DILG, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the Project “Paving the Roads to SDGs through Good Local Governance” (Roads2SDGs) to provide support on the quality assurance, governance reform components of CMGP, and citizen engagement in road governance through the “Roads to SDGs” framework.
The Roads2SDGs Framework is anchored on two complementing foundational precepts – (1) SDGs are potent to inform and enhance road governance; and, (2) good roads governance positively ushers in the attainment of the SDGs. This informs and enhances the prioritization, planning, design, implementation, and maintenance of road infrastructure projects to the achievement of SDGs, incorporating the elements of partnership building, climate change, disaster risk reduction, gender mainstreaming, and citizen participation for transparency and accountability, among others. In this manner, the SDGs provide a framework to strengthen the governance of road projects, which in turn, will positively impact the achievement of the SDGs.
The Philippines is one of the most affected countries in the Southeast Asian region by the COVID-19 pandemic. By the end of July 2020, the total number of cases in the country is at 93,354. There have been 2,023 deaths and 65,178 recoveries so far. In response, the government launched a multi-sectoral response to the COVID-19 pandemic through its Interagency Task Force (IATF) and since March 2020, the government has implemented various quarantine measures in major cities and provinces. As a result, the project incurred delays due to the suspension and cancellation of activities. Thus, DILG and UNDP agreed to extend the partnership/project up to March 2021.
As the project is about to end, a terminal evaluation will be conducted to assess the project’s accomplishments and the quality of implementation and analyze overall added value to local road governance reforms. In addition, lessons learned, and best practices will be identified and analyzed to inform future programming.
Evaluation criteria and key guiding questions
Complete details can be viewed at the attached Terms of Reference or visit the given link https://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?cur_job_id=93970
The evaluation must provide evidence-based information that is credible, reliable, and useful. The evaluation process is expected to follow a participatory and consultative approach ensuring close engagement with government counterparts, UNDP Country Office, Project Team, and other relevant stakeholders. The evaluation plan should outline a mixed-method approach to data collection and analysis. The methodologies for data collection may include but not necessarily be limited to:
- Desk review of documentation provided by the Project, which shall include the following: project document, annual work plans, activity designs, Project Board minutes, and other pertinent documents produced by the implementing units.
- A systematic review of monitoring data from the project (i.e., quarterly and annual reports, documentation of activities, and monitoring reports) and other key sources of data.
- Semi-structured interviews. Key informant and focus group discussions, as appropriate, with all major stakeholders, partners, and beneficiaries including the implementing agencies, provincial government units, partner civil society organizations (CSOs) Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), citizen volunteers/monitors, and community/individual beneficiaries. When applicable, beneficiaries should represent diverse groups, including women and youth from different ethnic groups and social-economic statuses. Proposals should clearly indicate how KII and FGD data will be captured, coded, and analyzed.
- Survey of key stakeholders, including those who are involved in the project within UNDP and the government.
- Validation workshop of the key findings, conclusion, and recommendation with key stakeholders.
Travel to the country and within the country has been restricted since the implementation of community quarantine due to COVID-19. If travel to or within the country is not possible for the evaluation then the Evaluation Consultant should develop a methodology that takes this into account and should resort to the conduct of the evaluation virtually and remotely, including the use of remote interview methods and extended desk reviews, data analysis, surveys, and evaluation questionnaires. This should be detailed in the Inception Report and agreed with the Evaluation Manager.
If all or part of the evaluation is to be carried out virtually then consideration should be taken for the stakeholders’ availability, ability or willingness to be interviewed remotely. In addition, their accessibility to the internet and computer may be an issue as many government and national counterparts may be working from home. These limitations must be reflected in the evaluation report.
If a data collection/field mission is not possible then remote interviews may be undertaken through telephone or online platform (skype, zoom etc.). The Health and safety of stakeholders, evaluation consultants, and UNDP staff must be the key priority. A short validation mission may be considered if it is confirmed to be safe for staff, consultants, stakeholders, and if such a mission is possible within the evaluation schedule. Equally, qualified and independent national consultants can be hired to undertake the evaluation and interviews in the country as long as it is safe to do so.
The Evaluation Consultant will be hired for an indicative of four (4) months, in accordance with the timetable set forth in Section VII of this TOR.
The principal responsibility for managing this evaluation resides with the UNDP CO-RBM Analyst and supported by the Institutions and Partnership (I&P) Team Lead, with whom all outputs shall be submitted and through whom all communications shall be coursed or copied. The UNDP CO-RBM Analyst and I&P Team Lead shall review and approve the outputs submitted by the Evaluation Consultant in consultation with the Evaluation Reference Group (ERG).
The Project Management Unit (PMU) through the Project Manager and the Project Monitoring and Evaluation Analyst will be responsible for coordinating and liaising with the Evaluation Team pertaining to required technical and financial documents, including coordination with stakeholders (DILG-CMGP PMO, DILG Regional, and Provincial Offices, Provincial Local Government Units, community beneficiaries, and other relevant government agencies), setting up interviews, consultations, and meetings. PMU shall likewise assist in the distribution of draft reports to stakeholders for the review, consolidation of comments, and in organizing key stakeholders’ meetings for the presentation of the salient points of the draft/final reports.
The UNDP CO-RBM Analyst will brief the Evaluation Team on UNDP evaluation norms and standards, reviewing and quality assuring the inception/draft and final reports, and in publishing findings and management responses at the UNDP Evaluation Resource Center.
The Evaluation Consultant will be responsible for implementing all evaluation-related activities – collecting and organizing project technical and financial documents and in producing evaluation products listed in Section V. While the PMU will provide the information required and support in coordinating with stakeholders, the Evaluation Consultant will have to manage its own schedule and logistical arrangements in the conduct of the terminal evaluation.
Duration of Work
The Evaluation Consultant is expected to deliver the outputs outlined in Section V, according to the following indicative schedule. The total duration of the evaluation will be 40 days spread over four (4) months.
Target Due Dates
Review and Approvals Required
Evaluation Inception Report (with attachments and annexes)
Revised Inception Report based on key inputs/comments of UNDP
12-16 October 2020
19-23 October 2020
To be reviewed by ERG & UNDP Evaluation Manager and/or I&P Team Lead
Approval: UNDP Evaluation Manager and/or I&P Team Lead
Data Collection, Interviews and Consolidation
26 October to
27 November 2020
UNDP Roads2SDGs Project M&E Officer to provide needed project documents
Evaluation Debriefings (Presentation of preliminary findings)
07-11 December 2020
To be presented to ERG for comments
Approval: UNDP Evaluation Manager and/or I&P Team Lead
Draft Evaluation Report
11-15 January 2021
To be reviewed by ERG and UNDP Evaluation Manager
Approval: UNDP Evaluation Manager and/or I&P Team Lead
Final Evaluation Report and Presentation to Key Stakeholders
08-12 February 2021
To be reviewed and approved by ERG and UNDP Evaluation Manager
Approval: UNDP Evaluation Manager and/or I&P Team Lead
The Evaluation Consultant will be Philippines-based with a mission(s) to project sites. Though the Evaluation Consultant will not be required to report regularly at the Country Office, he/she may be asked to report and meet virtually (during community quarantine/lockdown) and send emails or through calls to UNDP (as agreed during the inception report) to consult with stakeholders and Evaluation Reference Group (ERG) and to report status and provide feedback on the outputs.
The Evaluation Consultant will travel to the Project sites, the COVID19 travel restrictions permitting. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic and declaration of State of Public Health Emergency in the Philippines, all work and travel of the Evaluation Consultant shall be done within the guidelines and protocols set by the local and national government. Fieldwork, training, meetings, and coordination shall be done in compliance with community quarantine policies;
Any necessary mission travel must be approved in advance by the CO focal point and the BSAFE course must be completed before the commencement of travel. The Evaluation Consultant will be responsible for ensuring they have vaccinations/inoculations when traveling to certain parts of the country, as designated by the UN Medical Director. The Evaluation Consultant is also required to comply with the UN security directives set forth under https://dss.un.org/dssweb/.
The UNDP CO will be responsible for making his/her site travel arrangements and will shoulder related expenses in line with UNDP travel policies.
Evaluation of Ethics
The Evaluation Consultant will be held to the highest ethical standards and are required to sign a Code of Conduct upon acceptance of the assignment. UNDP evaluations are conducted in accordance with the principles outlined in the UNEG 'Ethical Guidelines for Evaluations'.
“The consultant must safeguard the rights and confidentiality of information providers, interviewees, and stakeholders through measures to ensure compliance with legal and other relevant codes governing the collection of data and reporting on data. The consultant must also ensure the security of collected information before and after the evaluation and protocols to ensure anonymity and confidentiality of sources of information where that is expected. The information knowledge and data gathered in the evaluation process must also be solely used for the evaluation and not for other uses with the express authorization of UNDP and partners.”
Scope of Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments
The Consultant should send the financial proposal based on a lump-sum amount for the delivery of the outputs identified below. The total amount quoted shall be “all-inclusive” (professional fees, communications, etc.) that could possibly be incurred by the Contractor should be factored into the final amount submitted in the proposal. Travel, as deemed relevant by UNDP and compliant with government guidelines on community quarantine, will be arranged and paid for by UNDP and should not be included in the financial proposal.
Medical/health insurance must be purchased by the individual at his/her own expense, and upon award of the contract, the Contractor must be ready to submit proof of insurance valid during the contract duration.
The contract price will be a fixed output-based price. Any deviations from the output and timeline will be agreed upon between the Contractor and the UNDP.
Payments will be done upon satisfactory completion of the delivery by target due dates. Outputs will be certified by the Evaluation Manager and I&P Team Lead in UNDP Philippines prior to the release of payments.
30% Upon submission evaluation inception report and issuance of the certificate of acceptance
October 30, 2020
30% Upon presentation of mission highlights and submission of draft evaluation report, and issuance of the certificate of acceptance
January 15, 2021
40% Upon submission of the final evaluation report, including a final presentation to key stakeholders, other related documents, and issuance of the certificate of acceptance
February 15, 2021
In line with the UNDP’s financial regulations, when determined by the Country Office and/or the consultant that a deliverable or service cannot be satisfactorily completed due to the impact of COVID-19 and limitations to the evaluation, that deliverable or service will not be paid.
Due to the current COVID-19 situation and its implications, a partial payment may be considered if the consultant invested time towards the deliverable but was unable to complete to circumstances beyond his/her control.
Evaluation purpose, scope, and objectives
Evaluations are critical for UNDP to progress towards advancing human development. Through the generation of evidence and objective information, evaluations enable UNDP to make informed decisions and plan strategically.
This project terminal evaluation is intended to demonstrate the level of change in the project outputs and the project’s contribution to outcome level results, which are demonstrated as changes in the performance and behavior of institutions. It must also consider whether resources have been properly utilized towards the implementation and delivery of outputs and the extent to which these outputs contributed to observed results achieved. The evaluation must also identify any operational issues that may be improved to facilitate better project implementation and delivery for similar projects in the future.
The evaluation will be used by all main parties (UNDP and DILG) to assess their approaches to development assistance and to design future interventions and to generate knowledge for wider use.
Under the overall guidance of the Evaluation Reference Group, and reporting to the UNDP Evaluation Manager, the Evaluation Consultant, shall assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the Roads2SDGs Project by reviewing progress towards project results based on the project document and annual work plans. The evaluation will review the project’s theory of change vis-à-vis the project’s achievements and risks and assess the project’s effects on the target beneficiary groups. It will likewise highlight strengths, weaknesses, gaps, good practices, and provide recommendations for the design and implementation of future government financing projects and determine opportunities to continue the DILG-UNDP partnership.
The terminal evaluation seeks to assess the overall performance of the Project vis-à-vis its objectives and its value and contribution to road governance reforms at the provincial level, including unintended positive and negative results. The evaluation will also assess the strengths and weaknesses of the project design, implementation, monitoring, management and sustainability measures, including project exit strategy. The evaluation will collate and analyze lessons learned and best practices in relation to strategies employed and implementation arrangements, which can inform future programming.
Specifically, the terminal evaluation will assess:
- The relevance of the project;
- The effectiveness of the achievement of project objectives/results;
- The level of efficiency in the use of project resources;
- The usefulness and sustainability of results for the project beneficiaries;
- Application of rights-based approach and mainstreaming gender in project interventions;
- UNDP’s performance as a development partner; and
- UNDP’s added value to the expected results.
Expected Outputs and Deliverables
The Evaluation Consultant is expected to deliver the following:
- Evaluation Inception Report (10-15 pages). To be submitted within two (2) weeks from the official start of the engagement, outlining the framework of analysis, schedule of activities, budget, milestones, and deliverables. The Inception Report will include an Evaluation Matrix (see table below) that outlines how the Evaluation Consultant will collect and analyze data to answer all evaluation questions.
- Evaluation of debriefings. Presentation of initial findings to UNDP and Project Management after the end of evaluation fieldwork and shall also highlight the actual coverage of the mission, additional requirements, if any, and next steps.
- Draft Evaluation Report. The draft report will be circulated to project stakeholders for review and comments within an agreed period of time. The Evaluation Consultant shall be required to provide an Audit Trail, detailing how all received comments have (and have not) been addressed in the final report. This audit trail should be included as an annex in the Final Terminal Evaluation Report. The table below is an example of the Audit Trail Template.
- Final Evaluation Report and Presentation to Key Stakeholders. The outline of the report should be based on the guidelines and templates to be provided by UNDP.